Study MBBS in Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan

Study MBBS in Afghanistan


About Afghanistan

Study MBBS in Afghanistan is a landlocked nation in both Central and South Asia with a turbulent yet rich past. Its capital and largest city, Kabul, has seen the rise and fall of empires as well as shifts in geopolitics. The people of the country are multiethnic and speak different languages, mainly Pashto and Dari. Afghanistan’s recent past has been shaped by conflict, including the Soviet-Afghan War and the ensuing civil unrest, but its ancient Silk Road connections are what define its history. The country’s reconstruction process started in 2001 when the Taliban driven out by a coalition led by the United States. Afghanistan still faces difficulties with economic growth, security threats, and political instability. In spite of these challenges, the nation is proud of its rich cultural heritage, which includes poetry, music, and traditional arts and reflects the tenacity and vitality of its people. Afghanistan is still a complicated and developing country that needs to continue working towards development, stability, and a more secure future.

WDOMS List of MBBS College in Afghanistan

  • Afghan Swiss Medical Institute of Higher Education – Kabul
  • Ahmad Shah Abdali Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Curative Medicine – Khost
  • Alberoni University Faculty of Medicine – Kohistan
  • Aria University Faculty of Medicine – Mazar-i-Sharif
  • Ariana Institute of Higher Education School of Curative Medical Sciences, Kabul – Kabul
  • Ariana Institute of Higher Education School of Curative Medical Sciences, Nangarhar – Jalalabad
  • Balkh University Faculty of Medicine – Mazar-i-Sharif
  • Bayazid Rokhan Institute of Higher Education – Kabul
  • Bi Bi Aisha Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
  • Bost University Faculty of Medicine – Lashkar Gah
  • Cheragh Medical Institute – Kabul
  • Dawat University Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
  • Ghalib University Medical Science Faculty Herat – Herat
  • Ghalib University Medical Science Faculty Kabul
  • Hakim Sanayee University Faculty of Medicine – Pul-e Khomri
  • Herat University Faculty of Medicine – Herat
  • Jami University Faculty of Medicine – Herat
  • Kabul University of Medical Sciences Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
  • Kandahar University Faculty of Medicine – Kandahar
  • Kateb University Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
  • Khatam al Nabieen University Kabul Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
  • Malalay Institute of Higher Education – Kandahar
  • Mawlana Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi University Faculty of Medicine – Mazar-i-Sharif
  • Mili Institute of Higher Education – Kabul
  • Mirwais Neeka Institute of Higher Education – Kandahar
  • Muslim University Faculty of Medicine – Ghazni
  • Nangarhar University Faculty of Medicine – Jalalabad
  • Paktia University Faculty of Medicine – Gardez
  • Rahnaward Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Mazar-i-Sharif
  • Rokhan Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Jalalabad
  • Shaikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan University Faculty of Medicine – Khost
  • Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Kabul – Kabul
  • Spinghar Institute of Higher Education, Nangarhar – Jalalabad
  • Taj Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Mazar-i-Sharif
  • Wadi Helmand Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Helmand
  • Zawul Institute of Higher Education Faculty of Medicine – Kabul
Study MBBS in Afghanistan map
<strong>Study MBBS in Afghanistan map<strong>


Afghanistan generally experiences scorching summers and bitterly cold winters, which are indicative of a semiarid steppe climate. But there are a lot of regional differences. The mountainous regions bordering Pakistan affected by the Indian monsoons, which typically arrive between July and September and bring maritime tropical air masses with humidity and rains. In contrast, the mountain regions of the northeast experience a subarctic climate with dry, cold winters. In addition, throughout the summer months, the southwest experiences nearly constant strong winds. Elevation variations also contribute to local variation. Cold air masses from the north and the northwest’s Atlantic low, which bring rain to lower elevations and snowfall and bitter cold to the highlands, have a significant impact on the weather in the winter and early spring.

Afghanistan has a very wide temperature range. In the drought-stricken southwest plateau region, daytime highs surpass 95 °F (35 °C). One of the hottest places in the nation, Jalālābād, has recorded its highest temperature of 120 °F (49 °C) in July. January temperatures can drop to 5 °F (−15 °C) and lower in high mountain regions, while −24 °F (−31 °C) has been recorded in the city of Kabul, which situated at an elevation of 5,900 feet (1,800 metres).

The yearly mean precipitation in the mountains rises from west to east; it averages roughly 16 inches (400 mm) there, similar to the southeastern monsoon region. National precipitation extremes have documented in the arid Farāh region in the west, with only 3 inches (75 mm) annually, and in the Sālang Pass of the Hindu Kush, with a maximum annual precipitation of 53 inches (1,350 mm). The majority of the nation’s precipitation falls between December and April; snowfall in the highlands lasts until March, while sporadic rainstorms in the lowlands last until April or May. Except for the monsoon region, the summer months are hot, dry, and cloudless everywhere.

Study MBBS in Afghanistan

Like many other international medical programs, Afghanistan has historically used a pre-clinical and clinical phased medical education system.

Dari or Pashto are the main languages of instruction for medical programs in Afghanistan. Programs in English may be available at certain universities, especially for those studying abroad.

International recognition of medical degrees earned in Afghanistan varies. Graduates might have to confirm if the medical authorities in the nations where they plan to practice will recognize their degrees.

Security issues and geopolitical shifts have affected Afghanistan, which may have an effect on the general stability of educational institutions and may have an impact on students’ decisions to pursue higher education there.

International MBBS students may find it difficult to enroll due to political and security concerns.

Students advised to conduct research and confirm that the selected institution satisfies international educational standards because the quality of medical education can vary widely.

In addition to completing secondary school, applicants may need to pass an entrance exam in order to be admitted. It might also be necessary to speak Pashto, Dari, or English fluently.

An essential part of medical education is clinical training. Inquiring about the quantity and caliber of clinical training options offered by Afghan medical schools is a good idea for prospective students.

Graduates hoping to practice medicine abroad may encounter difficulties getting foreign medical councils to recognize their degrees. For individuals who intend to work overseas, it is essential to comprehend the recognition procedure.

MBBS for Indian Students in Afghanistan

Indian students wishing to pursue an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) in Afghanistan must carefully weigh a number of factors. Pre-clinical and clinical phases make up the majority of Afghanistan’s medical education programme, which teaches students mainly in Dari or Pashto. Indian students should consider their language needs even though some universities may offer English-language programmes. International recognition of medical degrees earned in Afghanistan may differ, so individuals wishing to practice medicine in India should confirm that the Medical Council of India (MCI) recognises their degree. Completion of secondary education is frequently required for admission, and language proficiency exams may also required. One important factor to keep in mind is the security situation in Afghanistan. Students should also keep up with current geopolitical events. It is crucial to conduct in-depth research on the standard of instruction, accessibility to clinical training, and approval by pertinent medical councils. Indian students advised to carefully evaluate the situation, seek guidance, and consider alternative options based on individual circumstances and career goals, given the dynamic nature of the region. It advised to get in touch directly with universities to get the most recent information.

Advantages of studying medicine in Afghanistan for Indian Students

The following are possible benefits:

Exposure to Culture:

Indian students who study medicine in Afghanistan get the opportunity to fully immerse themselves in the customs, languages, and ethnic diversity of the nation, offering them a truly unique cultural experience.

The price of education:

Afghanistan’s medical school tuition may be less expensive than in some other nations. This can be helpful for Indian students looking for less expensive choices.

Language Acquaintance:

Languages spoken in Afghanistan, like Pashto or Dari, have linguistic similarities that may make communication easier for Indian students, particularly those who are fluent in Hindi or Urdu.

Clinical Background:

The medical education system in Afghanistan might provide students with practical clinical experience, enabling them to acquire skills in authentic healthcare environments.

Foreign Exposition:

International exposure and interaction with a diverse student body may be available to students studying in Afghanistan, which could enhance their understanding of healthcare from a global perspective.

Disadvantages of studying medicine in Afghanistan for Indian Students

The following are possible drawbacks:

Issues with security:

Afghanistan has experienced both political unrest and security issues. Students’ safety may be impacted by the security situation, and Indian students may have to navigate an environment that could be unpredictable.

Language Disturbance:

Pashto and Dari are the two main languages of instruction in Afghanistan. Even though some universities may provide English-language programmes, students who are not native speakers of the language may find it difficult to succeed.

Acknowledgment of Degrees:

International recognition of medical degrees earned in Afghanistan may differ. Indian students intending to practice medicine abroad should carefully investigate whether medical councils in those nations will accept their degree.

Education’s quality:

Different institutions may offer medical education of varying quality. A university’s overall educational experience may be impacted by resource, faculty, and infrastructure issues at some institutions.

Minimal Exposure to Foreign Countries:

For students hoping for an education that can compete globally, the medical education system in Afghanistan might not be as exposed to international medical practices and advancements.

Unrest in politics:

Afghanistan’s political climate is unpredictable, and adjustments to the country’s structure or set of laws may have an impact on how well educational institutions operate.

Restricted Prospects for Research:

In comparison to institutions in nations with more developed medical research infrastructure, there might be less opportunities for research and less facilities available.

Return-Home Country Difficulties:

When returning home, Indian students may encounter difficulties having their degrees recognised, and the Medical Council of India (MCI) may impose further tests or requirements.

MBBS eligibility

Qualifications for Education:

Secondary education completed, or its equivalent, with a focus on science courses such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Language Ability:

It is necessary to be proficient in the instruction’s language. This is usually done in Pashto or Dari in Afghanistan, though some universities might have English-language courses available. Tests of language proficiency might be necessary.

Exam of Admission:

Certain universities may administer entrance exams to evaluate applicants’ academic ability and subject-matter knowledge in medicine.

Fit for Medicine:

A medical fitness certificate attesting to the applicant’s physical suitability for pursuing medical studies is typically required.


As part of the admissions process, universities may hold interviews to evaluate a candidate’s motivation, communication abilities, and fit for the medical field.

Requirements for a documentary:

Transcripts, certificates, and identity documents are among the pertinent documents that must usually be submitted.

Student life in Afghanistan (for eg. Cost of Living, Educational System, Accommodation, Language, Cultural Experience)

Cost of Living

Afghanistan’s utility costs are comparable to those of the most expensive cities in Europe, with the exception that internet costs are higher. Therefore, for a larger apartment of about 80m2, all the basic utilities, such as gas, electricity, heating, cooling, and garbage services, rooms, or pg, cost almost $100 USD.

Educational System

Afghanistan’s MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) curriculum normally adheres to a thorough framework that includes pre-clinical and clinical stages. Pre-clinical coursework in basic medical sciences such as anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry typically kick off the program. After that, students move on to the clinical phase, where they participate in rotations covering a range of medical specialties to obtain real-world experience in hospital environments. While some universities may offer programs in English, Pashto and Dari are the primary languages of instruction. An MBBS program lasts for approximately six years, including pre-clinical and clinical training. Students are evaluated on a regular basis during the course by written and practical exams. The curriculum places a strong emphasis on professionalism, medical ethics, and effective communication techniques. Graduates can pursue residency program for specialization, and in order to independently practice medicine, they must pass licensing exams. Although degrees obtained in Afghanistan are usually accepted nationally, there may be differences in recognition abroad, so those wishing to practice abroad should take this into account. To make an informed decision about pursuing an MBBS in Afghanistan, prospective students are advised to conduct extensive research on particular universities, admission requirements, and factors like language proficiency.


The cost of rent is high, but it mostly varies depending on whether you’re staying in a rural or urban location. On average, the rent would be approximately USD 340 per month because it would cost roughly USD 250 outside of cities and over USD 500 in the middle of one of them.


Pashto and Dari are the main languages of teaching for MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) students in Afghanistan. The majority of academic programmes, including medical education, are conducted in these official languages of the nation.

It’s crucial to remember, though, that medical programmes are frequently offered in English, particularly at institutions that try to draw in foreign students. In these situations, English would be the medium of instruction, and admission to the programme might require it.

Cultural Experience

The cultural immersion experience offered to MBBS students in Afghanistan is a singular and all-encompassing voyage into a society molded by a multitude of ethnic groups, a rich history, and a fusion of Eastern and Western influences. Afghan culture is rich in customs that have developed over many centuries, providing medical students with a unique outlook on life and medicine. Afghani culture is experienced by MBBS students in the following ways:

  • Numerous ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, and others, are found in Afghanistan. Engaging with people from different backgrounds gives students an understanding of the nation’s multicultural fabric.
  • Students can interact with patients and the community by speaking the primary languages, Pashto and Dari. Acquiring proficiency in these languages promotes a closer relationship with patients and improves communication abilities.
  • Afghan culture involves many rituals and ceremonies that medical students can watch and take part in. Gaining the community’s trust and delivering patient-centered care require an understanding of cultural quirks.
  • It is well known that Afghans are hospitable. In order to help them integrate into the community, MBBS students may receive cordial greetings and be given the opportunity to take part in social events.
  • Students learn about a range of flavors influenced by Indian, Persian, and Central Asian culinary traditions by studying Afghan cuisine. Mealtimes spent with locals become an essential component of the cultural encounter.
  • Afghanistan is replete with historical sites, such as monuments, ancient cities, and archaeological riches. While visiting, medical students can learn about the lengthy history of the nation.
  • By taking part in regional festivals and celebrations, MBBS students can gain firsthand knowledge of Afghan customs, music, and dance, which enhances their comprehension of the country’s cultural milieu.